عنوان مقاله [English]
The frequency of occurrence of natural disasters has increased substantially in recent yearsand posed tremendous challenges to those dealing with natural disaster response. However, emergency logistics, as a critical way in answering disaster relief, has not been extensively studied. The purpose of this paper is to develop an integrated perspective on emergency logistics management research by referring the concept of resilience and further distinguishing the concept as hard resilience and soft resilience. Drawing on the lessons from reviews of four cases (the Wenchuan earthquake, the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, and the snow disasters in South China), it addresses some of the common practical gaps in emergency logistics management for proactive preparation and response to natural disasters, and it finds that there is considerable scope for the improvement of soft resilience rather than the enhancement of hard resilience, even though both are interdependent and interconnected. Potential multi-dimensional ways for complementing hard resilience with soft resilience for emergency logistics and best practice are discussed. The paper identifies the approaches and determinants for building resilience mechanism for emergency logistics, and it provides an essential element for ensuring the successful practices. It harmonizes the two fields of emergency logistics management and resilience thinking, and provides new insights into best practice for proactive preparation and response to natural disasters.