عنوان مقاله [English]
In the literature of organizations as a system. In the relation of organization with the environment, there are two viewpoints expressed the environment is as the external and internal organization factor. Both viewpoints, especially the second viewpoint, Can be used to build and manage the supply chain. However, the first viewpoint follows the interests and achievements such as systemic capability formation of systemic supply chain, but due to divide the supply chain to the systemic and environmental one, it benefit from this field to provoke individual benefits and competition rather than cooperation among the chain members. While utilizing of the second view lead to emerge the entire of supply chain members as a unit system. Because the all supply chain elements are such as rings that interact with each other. Such interactions give the legitimation, concept and meaning to each one of the chain organization. Therefore, supply chain members are unified by taking such view and attitude about interacting with each other, are focused on the communion, cooperation and win - win for his long-term and constant interests, nor the competition, hostility and win – loss that causes lost for all members.