عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Context and goal: today, purchases and good supplies in Police faces organizational packaging problems. The problems have not been presented seriously in the technical appendages of the contracts so far. It is due to the prevalence of good-centered thoughts in logistics and traditional approach towards packaging. Each year, a remarkable part of logistical goods are destructed and corrupted due to the poor packaging levels(primitive, secondary and operational) with regard to the climate of the region, poor appropriateness between packaging size and dimensions as compared to distribution norms, poor equipment and storaging facilities and goods relocations and weight range of a porter, poor varieties and quality of packaging and neglecting safety requirement requests of consumers. The mentioned problems also tend to the reduction of durability and quality preservation of goods, wasting of resources, wasting of time, and finally cause reduction of successful missions. So the main goal of this research is the investigation of packaging condition of logistical goods in Police warehouses, and presenting suitable solutions.
Method: this research is descriptive survey from the method point of view, and it is applied from the goal point of view. The population under study is included 374 managers, experts and users of physical supply and distribution field of logistical goods in Police from which 129 were selected by using Koockran formula and classified random sampling method. The method of documented study of resources and a scholar made questionnaire included 50 questions was used. The validity of the questionnaire was tested according to the viewpoints of experts. And the reliability was tested by Cronbach alpha(0/827). Analyzing of data was done through descriptive statistics and T test parameters.
Findings: most of the responders had high educations and were experts and had worked many years in logistic field. Results showed that written specifications ( packaging commitments) on the packages with average 3/992 had the most fruition, and sealed bonnets(waxy) with average 2/348 had the least fruition. Moreover shape factor with average 3/992 had the most fruition, and protection against forging and cheatery with average 2/549 had the least fruition among the other effecting indexes and factors in packaging of logistical goods within Police warehouses.
Results: Investigation of findings shows that two hypothesis have been made for subordinate questions in order to answer the main question of the research. Then each question has been separately tested by t parameter. All tests rejected the zero hypotheses and confirmed the one hypotheses. Therefore in response to the main question of “how is the packaging condition of logistical goods in Police warehouses?” The whole average is 3/369 that shows high fruition of logistical goods packaging from these capabilities. Managers of physical supply and distribution of logistical goods in Police should consider new and systematic advantages of packaging, and reinforce poor indicators, in order to increase productivity and satisfaction in the organization